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Yao Noi Eco Resort, Thailand Ecotourism - Six Senses

Environmental Responsibility

Six Senses Yao Noi was built on the site of a former rubber plantation. Many of the rubber trees were kept to create shade from the sun as well as keeping soil from eroding. In addition, the landscape and gardens have been improved with the philosophy of re-generating the tropical flora as it would have been if the area was left untouched. Local plants and fruit trees have been planted to attract wild life, particularly birds such as the Hornbill. The resort is fortunate to have as well a mangrove forest in front of the restaurants area.

The resort has been authorized by the local government to rejuvenate and protect the public mangrove area for education purposes. The local community and Six Senses' hosts have build a wooden walkway and planted around 3,000 mangrove seedlings. This allows guests to continue to enjoy the mangroves and give the possibility to spot some of the fascinating wild life with minimal damage to the biodiversity.

Maps and sketches of the most frequently seen unique flora and fauna are signposted throughout the 500-meter boardwalk, explaining in detail what to look for. For those enthusiasts wanting to know more, we also offer guided tours.

Waste Reduction and Electricity Conservation

Six Senses Yao Noi actively looks for ways to reduce the waste generated and its disposal. Suppliers are instructed to reduce packaging when delivering supplies. Printed paper is eco-labeled or recycled and re-used on the reverse side for notes, thus reducing the number of trees needed to be harvested. Use of black plastic is minimized so as to reduce waste; instead, bins that can be washed or linen bags are used. Rechargeable batteries are also used to reduce toxic waste.

A waste management center called Eco Centro has been developed, using techniques to recycle waste so as to reap environmental and economic benefits. The local community is also educated in the process.

Composting takes place in a specially built area at the Recycling Corner and at the organic gardens.

Sustainable Purchasing
Suppliers' environmental responsibilities are evaluated before selecting one and considering the products offered.

Chemicals Management
The resort strives to use as few chemicals and pesticides as possible and choose wherever possible, biodegradable and organic products. No bleach policy is also implemented.

Earthworm Farm
A composting site has been built in which our food waste from the kitchen and restaurants is composted together with garden waste. With the help of earmworms, the composting soil generated from this process is reused in our landscape and gardening. The by-product, waste water from the earthworm farm, also serves as a nutrient-rich fertilizer for the gardens.

Garden Lights
Energy efficient light bulbs are used to reduce energy consumption.

Water Heaters and Pumps
Use of quantum heat recovery, where water is heated by recovering heat from the air, reduces energy consumption. The use of water pumps is also limited by pumping the water up to the top of the hill and distributing it from there by gravity.

Medium Voltage Cables
Medium voltage (6.6 kilovolts) underground copper electrical cables have been installed to reduce power loss due to the length of power cables.

Villa Design
All villas have been designed to take advantage of passive cooling and overhanging roofs to create shade for the windows, thus reducing over reliance on air-conditioning.

Low Energy Air-conditioning
Only low energy consuming units are used in the villas.

Electrical Buggies
Electric-powered buggies have been chosen for te resort as they reduce carbon emissions and noise pollution.

Water Conservation and Waste Water Treatment

Water consumption is asignificant consideration on Yao Noi Island despite a high annual rainfall. Furthermore, wastewater is a concern in that it may cause pollution particularly to the marine life. Six Senses Yao Noi takes several measures to tackle these challenges.

Effective Mircoorganisms (EM)
EMs are mixed cultures of beneficial natural fermentative microorganisms that can be applied to increase the necessary microbial diversity needed for living organisms.

Six Senses Yao Noi helps the local government by having its own water reservoir in front of the spa as well as several deep wells. All the water used within the resort and host compound comes from its own water reservoir, making it self-sufficient.

Drinking Water Treatment
The resort also produces its own drinking water through reverse osmosis, with re-useable glass water bottles. Water saving measures such as “push” valves, water saving showerheads and low flush toilet systems are installed. These all help to reduce water usage. A portion of the proceeds from the sale of water is also donated to Clean Water Funding which helps to assist places that do not have access to portable water.

Water Metering Systems
Main and sub-feed metering systems are installed to control water usage. Valves for fresh water and fire-water have been installed in zones to allow closing down certain areas if leakages are discovered, without disturbing the whole system.

Chaipattana Aerator
The Chaipattana Aerator (aerator for improving water quality) serves as a model for a simple and low-cost mechanical device to alleviate wastewater based on His Majesty of Thailand’s Concept of Self-Reliance. The Chaipattana Aerator is a floating buoy that rotates slowly to pump oxygen into wastewater.

Constructed Wetland
As water flows through a wetland, it slows down and many of the suspended solids become trapped by vegetation and settle out. Other pollutants are transformed to less soluble forms taken up by plants or become inactive. Wetland plants also foster the necessary conditions for microorganisms to live there. Through a series of complex processes, these microorganisms also transform and remove pollutants from the water.


In ensuring that the resort is self-sustainable, we support local products. Not only does it reduce wastage, it also encourages job-creation. In addition, we have various gardens and farms to provide the freshest produce for our kitchen use.

Organic Gardens
The organic vegetable garden sits at the heart of the resort’s culinary values and concepts. Based on a local cuisine garden layout, it is made with raised garden beds. Herbs and vegetables from the gardens are harvested for kitchen use while plants such as aloe vera and coconut are sent to Six Senses Spa village for incorporation into wellness products.

Mushroom Hut
It supplies mushrooms for the resort and also serves as an educational center for guests to learn about their habitat and harvesting.

Organic Chicken, Duck and Goat Farms
Fresh eggs and milk are collected directly at our chicken and goat farms, of which both are staples in Thai cuisine. Goat milk from our goats is made into cheese, yoghurt and ice cream.

Bee Hive
A special technique is employed to ensure that honey and honeycombs are collected from the bee hives without killing them or destroying their habitat. The harvest is then made into items such as ice cream.

Renewable Resources

Six Senses Yao Noi has in place the 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) Workshop which aims to re-purpose many of our used resources.

Glass Crushing Machine
Wine and beer bottles are crushed and re-made into material used for construction of pavements or into decorative items such as flower pots.

Candle Making
Remnant candles are collected and re-melted to create whole candles again for further use.

Repurposed Timber
Used timber from villas is being collected and sorted into varying grades, which are then remade into furniture, charcoal or compost.

Hornbills Conservation

The Oriental Pied Hornbills are the most iconic wildlife on the island. They are medium-sized and highly recognizable by their large canopy dwelling. Both males and females are similar in coloration. Being monogamous, the species has dwindled in great numbers over the years on the island. As such, they are highly protected and deemed rare by the locals. At Six Senses Yao Noi we are fortunate to frequent sigh them. Our vegetation bares fruit which are staple of their diet and we are in the midst of simulating an environment similar to their natural habitat. As such, we collaborate with the Hornbill Association in identifying spots within the resort that are suitable for them to nest.

Plant Genetic Conservation Project

Plant Genetic Conservation Project is under the Royal initiative of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn. Six Senses Yao Noi is the only private sector accepted to adopt this Royal project. Through the resort, we will help to serve as a link from the government to the locals in developing the personnel and plant genetics resources for the maintenance of plant varieties, and also for the development of the farming and business sections of the country.

First Activity: Protection of Plant Genetic
This activity involves the original natural forest and distributes plants throughout the country in all floristic regions outside the responsibility of the Royal Forest Department. Plants are distributed to government agencies, research centers, experiment stations, academy institutes, schools, temples or other areas where people or the villagers come together to protect plant genetics. Also within the scope of this activity is the exploration, registration, coding of plant clones and the study of plant biology. Supporting and encouraging village volunteers and protecting the natural forest will protect plant genetics, maintaining a valuable natural resource for utilization when needed.

Second Activity: Exploration and Collection of Plant Genetic
Exploration and collection of plant genetics information from areas that are losing the natural flora to environment change or through development, such as the creation of reservoirs and roads or the change from natural forest to agricultural areas. We have officers and volunteers to explore and collect seeds, scions, whole plants or shoots. The activity is done in areas outside the responsibility of the Royal Forest Department in all floristic regions.

Third Activity: Planting and Preservation of Plant Genetic
Plants are continually planted and fresh seed collected. This maintains seeds and plants collected from Royal Development Study Centers, research centers or experiment stations of the Department of Agriculture or the provinces that the Plant Genetic Conservation Project. works in. Preservation and seed storage of plant tissue culture is held in the plant germplasm bank at the Plant Genetic Conservation Project, Chitralada Palace.

Forth Activity: Conservation and Utilization of Plant Genetic
The evaluation of plant genetic from exploration, collection and planting in natural conditions. Experiments are performed to discover information about plant morphology, biology, physiology and cultivation. In the laboratories, the composition, nutrition, pigments, flavor, aromatic compounds, plant molecular biology and cytology are studied to determine the properties and qualities of various plant clones. These activities are performed in collaboration with researchers from universities, academic institutes, research centers and experimental stations.

Fifth Activity: Plant Germplasm Database Center
The plant germplasm database center at Chitralada Palace has collection data, evaluation data, conservation data and utilization data on many plants. A database of herbarium is being created from the herbarium from a variety of institutes, including the Royal Forest Department, Department of Agriculture, Prince of Songkhla University, other institutes and universities.

Sixth Activity: Planning of Plant Varieties Development
The data from plant germplasm, database center and plant genetic from exploration, collection and planting were analyzed and ways for plants to be improved and developed by experts. Potential pathways for plant improvement would be presented to Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn to consider and given to research institutes or government agencies that have plant improvement projects such as the Department of Agriculture.

Seventh Activity: Creating the Awareness of the Population in Plant Genetic
The aim of this activity is to create awareness of plant genetics within the population, especially the new generation. We aim to educate the population to understand the advantage of plant genetic and the preservation of unique plant genetic resources. We aim to show that the study of botany can be very enjoyable, with delightful teaching and training rather than stressful teaching for the youthful. Access to school botanical gardens can be used to foster and awareness of nature and folk wisdom and the role of plant genetic resources. Each school botanical garden has unique examples of living plants, specimens and a library. The continuous studyof plants allows the use of plants as the medium for learning and teaching various subjects.

Eighth Activity: Special Activities for Plant Genetic Conservation
Giving an opportunity for the young and everyone who care for nature to be instructed in different aspects of natural resources conservation. With the contribution of many experts to establish RSPG botanical and biological clubs throughout Thailand, leading to an increase in the progressive conscience and knowledge of natural resources conservation for all generations.

Social Responsibility

Six Senses Yao Noi uses the purchasing power we have to influence suppliers in responsible practices. We do consider supplier's environmental commitment before choosing one, and consider the products offered.

Wherever possible, we favour locally sourced and environmentally sound products. We also encourage our suppliers to reduce packaging and deliver in bulk to reduce waste and the greenhouse gas emissions produced.

To be part of responsible purchasing, local goods and crafts such as batik painting products are available as souvenirs. These products represent Koh Yao Noi, while financially supporting the local community. We ask guests to refrain from buying shell pieces or things collected from nature, such as animal products or plants.

Six Senses Yao Noi, together with the Women’s Club of Koh Yao Noi provide batik-painting lessons at which our guests can learn how to do a batik painting whilst at the same time supporting the local community.

Support Local Hospital

Equipment is donated to the island's only hospital, Koh Yao Chaipat Hospital, to help improve the medical facilities for the local community. 

Support Local Schools

Constant visits to the schools and organizing educational events to expose the children to a more diverse culture as well as knowledge on sustainability, helps to nurture the next generation who attend Ban Thakhao School.

Clean Water Project

Together with Imagine Thailand, Six Senses Yao Noi has provided a drinking water system for Baan Bang Doung and Special Children Center in Phang Nga. Baan Bang Doung is a government school about 80 kilometers outside of Phang Nga city with 73 students and seven teaching and administrative staff. The Special Children’s Center with 32 staff members (12 teachers, 16 staff, and four support staff) for 208 students now has clean drinking water.


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